All EU citizens do not need a visa to enter Canada and stay up to six months. However, you will need to complete an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) before your flight to Canada. This eTA is valid for five years or until your passport expires and the fee is around $6. Here is the list of the country that needs an eTA to board their flight to Canada.
You will need an eTA if you are:
- Flying to or transiting through a Canadian airport. You won’t need an eTA if you are arriving by car, bus, train, or boat (including a cruise ship).
- Lawful permanent residents of the U.S. and you’re flying to or transiting through a Canadian airport
- You must present a valid Green Card and the valid passport used to apply for your eTA at check-in.
- You also do not need an eTA when arriving by car, bus, train, or boat, including a cruise ship.
You may also need to apply for an eTA (instead of a visitor visa) if you’re a Brazilian, Bulgarian and Romanian citizen if you’re traveling to Canada by air. However, you still need a visitor visa (not an eTA) if you are arriving by car, bus, train, or boat, including a cruise ship.
How to apply
Applying for an eTA is a simple online process. Most applicants get their eTA approval (via an email) within minutes. However, some requests can take several days to process.
The eTA application form is only in English and French. To help you apply for an eTA, descriptions of each field in the form, you can read the guideline here.
- First, you will need these things/documents below to proceed with your application:
- A valid passport from a visa-exempt country
- A valid email address, and one of the following acceptable methods of payment to pay the $6 fee: Visa®, MasterCard, American Express, A prepaid visa®, MasterCard or American Express, Visa debit, or debit MasterCard, Unionpay® Jcb card®, or Interac®.
- Use the online form to apply. The form cannot be saved. So have your information ready.
- Pay $6 for your eTA right after you complete the form.
- Get an email about your eTA application. Most applications are approved within minutes.
- You may need to submit documents before your application can be approved. If this happens to you, an email will be sent with instructions within 72 hours.
Once your eTA is approved, you need to check that the passport number in your eTA matches with the number in your passport. If they don’t match, unfortunately, you need to apply for a new eTA. The eTA will be linked to your passport. Note that during your boarding, you need to present the passport and you don’t need to print out any special document. To confirm, the airline staff will scan the passport and confirm that you have a valid eTA. If you don’t have one, you won’t be able to board your flight.
Visitor Visa/ Temporary Resident
Most people need a visitor visa to travel to Canada either as a visitor, a student, or a worker and most of them can stay up to 6 months in Canada. The processing fee is around $75 and how long the processing time is depending on your country.
To apply for the visitor visa, you must meet some basic requirements below:
- Have a valid travel document such as a passport
- Are in good health
- Have no criminal or immigration-related convictions
- Proof that will go back to your home country such as if you still have a job, home, financial assets, or family to return to.
- Proof that you will leave Canada at the end of your visit
- Have enough money for your stay
You may also need a medical exam and a letter of invitation from someone who lives in Canada. Some people are also not allowed to enter Canada for several reasons, including being involved in:
- Criminal activity
- Human rights violations
- Organized crime
How to apply
To apply online, you will need a scanner or camera to create electronic copies of your documents, and a valid credit or debit card. You can read the instruction guide before you complete your application.
All the documents must be in English or France. If the translation is not done by a certified translator (a member in good standing of a provincial or territorial association of translators and interpreters in Canada), you must submit an affidavit swearing. An affidavit is a document on which the translator has sworn, that the contents of their translation are a true translation and representation of the contents of the original document.
- Complete the Application
The following are the forms that you just fill out and submit:
- Pay the Fees
There are two types of fees. First is an application processing fee and the second one is a biometric fee. The application fee cost around $75 and the biometric is $63, the price is for a person. Here’s how to pay the fees for your application. To pay your fees for your application you’ll need:
- A valid email address
- Access to a printer (you’ll need to print the receipt), and
- A Canadian debit card.
Visit this link to pay and follow the instructions.
- Submit the Application
You can send your application to a Visa Application Center (VAC) located in your area or apply online.
There are some benefits for you if you apply it online:
- There’s no courier fees or mail delivery time. They will get your application instantly.
- Online applications may be processed more quickly.
- Incomplete applications are usually returned to you. Applying online helps to ensure that your application is complete before you submit it.
- If they need to ask for more documents, you can just quickly submit them online.
- You don’t need to submit your passport until they ask for it.
- You can get updates on the status of your application directly in your online account.
Some things might delay processing such as the list below.
- Unclear photocopies of documents
- Verification of your information and documents
- A medical condition that may need more tests or consultations
- A criminal or security problem
- Consultation is needed with other offices in Canada and abroad
International Experience Canada (IEC)
International Experience Canada (IEC) is a Government of Canada program designed to provide youth with the opportunity to travel and work in Canada.
Fee : start from $113
Processing time : around 9 weeks
Canada signed a bilateral agreement with some countries. To participate you need to make sure that:
- Your country or territory of citizenship must have an agreement with Canada that allows you to apply for an IEC work permit or
- You may be able to use a recognized organization (RO)
- You must also meet the eligibility requirements for your country or territory of citizenship and the pool you’re applying for.
Some countries only allow you to participate once but some countries allow you to participate twice, but in different pools. Because each country is different, you must check to see if you’re eligible to apply. You can find out if your country had an agreement with Canada and how many you can participate here.
There are three IEC work permit categories:
- Working Holiday permit / WHP
With this permit, you can fund your vacation with temporary work in Canada. This category is for you if:
- You don’t have a job offer yet
- You want to work for more than one employer in Canada
- You want to work in more than one location
- You’d like to earn some money so that you can travel
The type of work permit you get for Working Holiday is an open work permit. An open work permit lets you work at most jobs in Canada. However, there are some jobs where you’ll have to get a medical exam first.
- Young Professional / YP
With this permit, you can gain Canadian professional work experience to better compete in a global economy. This category is for you if:
- You already have a job offer in Canada that will lead to your professional development
- You’ll only work for the same employer in the same location during your stay in Canada
- The work must be paid and aren’t self-employed
The type of work permit you get in the Young Professionals category is an employer-specific work permit.
- International Co-op (Internship)
With this permit, you can get valuable overseas work experience related to your field of study. This category is for you if:
- You’re a student registered at a post-secondary institution
- You have a job offer for a work placement or internship in Canada
- You need to do this work placement or internship to complete your studies
- You’ll only work for the same employer in the same location during your stay in Canada
The type of work permit you get in the International Co-op (Internship) category is an employer-specific work permit. The internship you are offered in Canada must be directly linked to your field of studies.
Become A Candidate
If you wish to travel and work temporarily in Canada as part of International Experience Canada (IEC), first of all, you need to become a candidate. This is a process where you:
- Find out if you’re eligible by answering some questions
- Create your online IEC profile.
The answers you give will determine if you’re eligible for a pool in one or more IEC categories which is International Co-op (Internship), Working Holiday, and Young Professionals. You can submit your profile to one or more of the pools. Candidates in the pools need to receive an invitation to apply for a work permit. You can check on how to answer questions and create your profile here.
Get Invited to Apply
If you’re invited to apply, you’ll get a message in your account. The message will list your category and your next steps. You have 10 days to decide whether you will accept the invitation or not. The deadline will be in your invitation and from the day you accept the invitation, you’ll have 20 days to apply online for a work permit.
How to Apply
If you have accepted the invitation, next you can follow these steps:
- Make sure you know the date of your deadline
Complete the online form.
- Here are some tips that you can use,
- Gather all the documents you need
- Pay your fees
The fees you pay depend on the IEC category you’re applying to. All participants need to pay $113. For Working Holiday participants, you must also pay an open work permit holder fee of $74 and for Young Professionals and International Co-op (Internship) participants, you don’t have to pay any additional fees, but your employer must pay a $170 for employer compliance fee and submit your offer of employment to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). Your employer must complete this step before you submit your work permit application.
- Submit your complete application
- Give your biometrics.
- Find out where the biometrics stage fits in the application process here.
- The processing time for the application is around 4 weeks, if there are documents you need to complete, they will ask you to.
- If your application is approved, you’ll receive a port of entry (POE) letter in your account. The letter does not guarantee your entry into Canada or guarantee a work permit. To get your IEC work permit you must:
- bring your POE letter with you to Canada and show it to a border services officer at the port of entry (airport, land border, etc.)
- Show your letter at a Canadian port of entry on or before the expiry date
If your application got refused, they will write to you the reason.